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G20: One Earth, One Family, One Future; that is, Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam

India has taken over the presidency of the G-20, the world's largest powerful and influential group of nations, from 1 December 2022. Significantly, 85 percent of the world's GDP comes from the G-20 countries and two-thirds of the world's total population resides in these countries. Not only this, 75 percent of the world's total trade is by these G-20 countries. Today, the whole world is facing huge challenges after Corona. Due to the ongoing Russia-Ukraine war since February 2022, many countries have been facing shortage of essential food items, many countries are also facing worst inflation and contraction of GDP. The disillusionment of countries towards indiscriminate globalization is also apparent. Different countries of the world have started talking about self-reliance and at the same time concepts like 'Global Value Chain' are also fast losing significance. The whole world today is grappling with recession, contraction in GDP and rising inflation. Along with this, climate change is emerging as a major crisis before the world. Compared to the enormity of the challenge of climate change, efforts to deal with the same, appear to be extremely indecisive and half-hearted. According to their promise, developed countries are shying away from giving financial support to deal with the climate change, and not only this, they are not even ready to transfer technology to deal with this crisis. Although all kinds of issues can come up for discussion under the G-20, but if India succeeds in attracting global attention to some such issues which are very important in view of global challenges and developing countries including India, then it will be beneficial for humanity in general and India in particular. Not only for India, it will be a great achievement for countries around the world.

Recently, in the context of G-20, Prime Minister Narendra Modi, while describing it as a great opportunity, has said that we want to use this opportunity for the welfare of the world. India has the vision, as well as the ability to face and solve all these challenges for world peace, world unity, environmental awareness and sustainable development. If seen, it is possible to solve most of the world's problems, but for that a change in thinking is needed. History is the witness that mutual enmity between different countries, competition to move ahead of other countries and expansionist approach has been causing conflicts in the world. The instigation of Ukraine by the US and European countries to come closer to 'NATO' became the initial reason for the Russia-Ukraine war. After that, efforts were also made to weaken Russia by imposing various types of sanctions. It is also true that Russia's aggressive policy added fuel to the fire. Later, Russia not only defied US and European sanctions, but also fueled the disruptions in the global value chain all over the world today. Due to this worldwide upheaval, shortage of essential commodities and consequent rise in prices and contraction of economies due to all these reasons, remains a headache for the world today. In such a situation, India, which is holding presidency of G-20 countries, has given a message to the world. The Prime Minister has said that in history only the strategy of struggle and competition was adopted to capture the resources. We have seen that various countries are still obsessed with the mentality of grabbing land and resources of other countries. Payment systems, hold over essential goods etc are being used as weapons. The Prime Minister believes that those who believe that struggle and greed cannot be done away with, are wrong. Continuation of our traditional culture of oneness, is living proof of the same.

The traditional thinking of India has been that all living beings are made up of five elements earth, water, fire, air and sky and coordination and harmony among all living beings is essential for our physical, social and environmental well-being. India will work for this universal solidarity during the presidency of G20. This is what our motto of 'One Earth, One Family, One Future' indicates. This is not just a slogan, it is an important thing to understand in the context of the changes that have taken place in the human condition since some time. That is why the Prime Minister says that challenges like climate change, terrorism and pandemics cannot be tackled by fighting each other. We need to work together. Fortunately, today technology is capable of providing solutions to solve the problems of humanity. Digital technology is proving to be of great utility. Our country presents the oldest example of the tradition of collective decision-making in the world, which is the foundation of democracy. Due to the emergence of democracy, national unanimity in India is not done by instructions, but collectivity.

The Prime Minister has said that our priorities will focus on healing 'One Earth', building harmony and building hope for a future. We will encourage a sustainable and eco-friendly lifestyle based on India's tradition of trusteeship of nature for the healing of the earth. It will be our endeavor to promote harmony within the global society by keeping politics separate from the global supply of food, fertilizers and medical products, so that the tensions of global politics do not endanger humanity. 

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