Swavlambi Bharat Abhiyan 'Sankalp Patra'
January 17, 2022
The policies of globalization of the last 30 years have led to an increase in GDP, but it has not resulted into creation of employment opportunities proportionately. Hence the GDP growth of this period has also been called 'jobless growth'. Unless, we achieve full employment , self reliance will be a distant dream.
About 12 million people are added to the population of India every year. Due to the structure of population growth since independence, a large section of the population in india is youth. Today, two-thirds of the country's population is below 35 years of age and more than 36% of it is in the age group of 15 to 35 years. In this respect, India is the youngest country in the world. There are 37 crore youth in the age group of 15 to 29 years. Such a situation is also termed as ‘demographic dividend', as the sheer size of the youth population makes it possible for the country to develop rapidly, by harnessing the capabilities of the youth. Under these circumstances, to take advantage of the demographic dividend, employment generation is the biggest and serious challenge.
Today, about 80 percent of the people in the country are engaged in self-employment through agriculture, small-cottage industries, trade, professional services etc. Despite that, ordinary youth considers jobs, especially government or big company jobs as real employment. Therefore, correcting the mindset will also help in the solution. The red tape of the government machinery, systemic hurdles in starting new enterprises and self-employment, the socio-cultural thinking, also not being conducive to self-employment are also obstacles in the journey of full employment in India. We need to get rid of this mindset.
Under these circumstances -
We need a national approach, which provides employment facility to the youth on a permanent basis, and which is also productive.
There is a need to make such policies, which create more employment opportunities, along with increase in production. We have to end the apathy towards agriculture and make efforts to increase agricultural production and income from the same.
Fair distribution of income is also possible only when the worker gets a fair wage, the farmer gets a remunerative price for his produce and everyone is able to meet his/ her basic needs. For this we do not need communism or socialism, we need a policy of integration, where production, employment, investment and distribution are not isolated, but they are integrally intertwined with each other. For this, not only that the governments and the society need to work in tandem, but the society should come forward and accept the challenge of this joblessness.
The National Assembly of Swadeshi Jagran Manch resolves that -
To solve the problem of unemployment, Swadeshi Jagran Manch will move towards the goal of Swadeshi, self-reliance and self-employment in the country through public awareness, enlightenment and planning, taking along the organizations working in the economic field as well as academic and social organizations.